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Caring for Wrinkly Dog

Published by in Grooming ·
Tags: Wrinklydogcaring
How to care for Wrinkly Dogs?
Shar pei
Humans may wrinkle as they age, but there are some breeds of dogs that are born that way.  Some, like Pugs, keep most of their wrinkles around the face.  Others, like the Shar-Pei, can have wrinkles over their entire bodies.  There are occasions when a breed-defining characteristic can be problematic, and wrinkles are a good example.

Skin Problems
Folds and wrinkles in the skin can trap dirt, dust, saliva, dead hair, and other debris.  Anything trapped in the folds can irritate the skin, and the deeper the crease, the more likely it is to also trap humidity.  Moist skin folds are an ideal home for bacteria and fungus.  Signs of a bacterial infection called pyoderma can include the following:
•\tFrequent scratching, especially when focused on a particular spot
•\tUnpleasant smell
•\tRed, bumpy skin or raised lesions
•\tOozing sores
•\tPustules (anything from a pimple to a blister filled with pus)
•\tCrusty or scaly skin
•\tHair loss

Is My Dog at Risk?
Any breed with wrinkles is more prone to pyoderma, including (but not limited to), Bulldogs, Pugs, Shar-Pei, Neopolitan and Bull Mastiffs, Bloodhounds and Pekingese.  Dogs with shortened noses can have very deep facial folds.  Any dog that has wrinkled skin, even just crinkles under the eyes, and dogs that develop wrinkles or folds due to age or weight change, are more likely to experience skin problems.

Dirt and debris can build up quite quickly in skin folds, potentially causing discomfort, irritated skin, and infection.  The best way to prevent this is daily cleaning.  Certain dogs may need to have their wrinkles cleaned more often, such as dogs who manage to get food trapped in their facial wrinkles when they eat.
•\tAssemble tools.  You can use a washcloth, cotton balls, baby or canine wipes.  Anything that is or can be moist and won’t irritate your dog’s skin.  Shampoo isn’t necessary for daily cleaning, and can leave residue if not properly rinsed.  Plain warm water is fine.  You will also need a cloth or towel to dry up after.
•\tLift and clean.  Get into every fold and gently wipe away any debris.  Pay particular attention to face wrinkles, especially under the eyes.  If you use a washcloth, make sure you rinse it frequently to avoid transferring debris from one fold to another.
•\tBathe regularly.  Make sure every fold is cleaned, and use a gentle shampoo that rinses well.
•\tDry thoroughly.  Whether bathing or just wiping after a meal, any moisture retained in the folds is counterproductive to the cleaning process.
•\tTrimming.  If you have a long-haired dog with watery eyes and under-eye creases (common in Shih Tzus but present in some other breeds), keeping the hair at the inside corner of the eye trimmed short can help keep things clean and dry.

Despite daily cleaning, your dog may manage to develop irritation or an infection.  Keep an eye out for any of the signs listed above, and take your dog to a veterinarian.  Depending on the problem, your vet may prescribe a topical and/or oral treatment.  They can also recommend products to help prevent further infections.


Canine Hypothyroidism

Published by in Endocrine Disorders ·
Tags: Hypothyroidismoverweightdog
Thyroid Problem in Dog. Is My Dog Fat?.

Hypothyroidism in Dogs
The thyroid gland is a vital hormone gland located in the neck produce hormones that plays a major role in the metabolism, growth and body development.

Dogs with thyroid Problem usually have a low production of thyroid hormones. Overproduction of thyroid hormones in the dog is rare and usually associated with cancer.

Fortunately, Thyroid cancer is uncommon in dogs. Hypothyroidism is usually caused by inflammation or shrinkage of the thyroid glands. It occurs more commonly in medium to large breed dogs and usually in middle aged dogs. Breeds commonly affected include:
•\tGolden Retriever.
•\tDoberman Pinscher.
•\tIrish Setter.
•\tMiniature Schnauzer.
•\tCocker Spaniel.
•\tAiredale Terrier.

Clinical signs
Many of the clinical signs such as mental dullness, lethargy, exercise intolerance, and weight gain despite normal appetite are directly related to slowing of cellular metabolism. The most common signs of low thyroid function in dogs include hair loss, dull hair coat, excess shedding or scaling, thickening of the skin, weight gain, reduced activity, and reproductive disturbances in intact dogs and reduced ability to tolerate the cold.
Hair loss is not associated with itchiness, it is usually bilaterally symmetric that may involve the ventral and lateral trunk, dorsum of the tail, the caudal surfaces of the thighs, ventral neck, and the dorsum of the nose. The alterations in the skin and coat are sometimes associated with hyperpigmentation.

Occasionally, hypothyroid dogs may also develop skin infections (pyoderma) which may be itchy and result in sores on the body. The accumulation of mucopolysaccharides can cause the muscles of the face to droop giving the dog a “tragic” facial expression.

Neurologic disorders are less commonly seen in dogs with hypothyroidism, including dilation of the esophagus (megaesophagus) causing regurgitation, laryngeal paralysis, facial nerve paralysis, and vestibular disease, have been related to hypothyroidism.

Canine Hypothyroidism Diagnosis
In routine wellness blood tests, your vet may notice a mild anemia and increased levels of cholesterol in dogs with hypothyroidism.
Hypothyroidism is probably one of the most overdiagnosed diseases in dogs. A variety of nonthyroidal illness can lead to low serum thyroid hormone measurements in euthyroid dogs or cats. If you notice one or more of these clinical signs, talk to our vet in Newmarket. Our veterinarian may need to run some diagnostic tests such as measurement of the serum concentrations of total T4, free T4, and/or TSH for diagnosis of canine hypothyroidism.

How is Canine Hypothyroidism Treated?
Treatment of hypothyroidism is by giving oral replacement hormone for the rest of the dog’s life. Initially thyroid hormone is usually given twice daily. Once the hair coat begins to improve, some dogs can be maintained on once daily medication. Almost all hypothyroid dogs receive T4 (levothyroxine or L-thyroxine).
T4 is converted to T3 by the body. A few dogs are unable to make this conversion and require T3 medication.
It usually takes 4 to 6 weeks for hair to regrow.
If you have concerns about your dog's weight or suspect your dog is hypothyroid, take your dog to our veterinarian in Newmarket at Brooker ridge Animal Hospital. We treat hypothyroidism and other related health issues that could cause weight gain. Call 905-898-1010 to schedule your pet's appointment.


Dog Mammary cancer

Published by in cancers ·
Tags: veterinarianmammaryglandtumorsdogdogcancer
Mammary Gland Cancers - Dogs
Mammary Cancer
About one-half of mammary gland cancers are malignant, and half are benign. Spaying dogs at early age decreases the risk of having this type of cancer to 0.5% if dogs spayed before the first heat, second to 8.0% if Spayed before second heat compared to intact bitch.
Benign Mammary tumors are usually noticed as small slow-growing masses. Malignant tumors are usually growing faster, single or multiple masses, sometimes ulcerated. Metastasis is a sign of the aggressive tumors and can spread to any organs particularly lung, the adjacent mammary glands, and lymph nodes.
The definite diagnosis can be achieved by histopathology. However veterinarians always request chest & abdominal X-ray for further assessment and before starting any treatment.
This cancer can be surgically removed by different methods depends on size, location, single or multiple, number of mammary gland & lymph nodes invaded. For example, vets can choose between simple lumpectomy, removing one or two mammary glands, all chain mammary glands in one or both sides. A radical mastectomy means all the breasts, the skin covering them, and the lymph nodes are all removed at one time.

The common classes of mammary tumors that might be found on a biopsy.

A benign glandular tumor usually no treatment is necessary.

Mixed Mammary Tumor:
What is mixed is the type of cell that makes up the tumor: the epithelial cells that line the glandular tissue and the mesenchymal cells that make up the non-glandular portion.

Adenocarcinomas can be tubular or papillary, depending on the gland cells the tumor arises from. Adenocarcinomas behave malignantly but how aggressively malignant they are depends not on whether they are tubular or papillary, but on other cellular characteristics described by the pathologist (such as how quickly the cells appear to be dividing and how closely they resemble normal gland cells). When the oncologists reads the description they will be able to determine how aggressively to combat the tumor.

Inflammatory Carcinoma:
A highly malignant tumor that generates tremendous inflammation locally with ulceration, pus, and discomfort. This type of tumor tends to spread early in its course and is difficult to treat.

Approximately 50% of malignant mammary tumors will have already spread by the time of surgery.  The other 50% are confined locally and surgery is curative. If you notice lumps on pet abdomen, contact your veterinarian or call our pet clinic in Newmarket Aurora area at 905-898-1010

Tick-Borne Diseases

Published by in External Parasites ·
Tags: ticksTickBorneDiseasesLymediseasedogEhrlichiosisAnaplasmosis

Ticks are external parasites that feed on the blood of host animals such as dogs. Ticks are 8 legged parasites that belong to the spider family arachnids like mites and spiders. Rhipicephalus sanguineus  (The brown dog tick), Dermacentor variabilis ( the American dog tick)  and, Ixodes scapularis (deer tick or black legged tick): examples of ticks that commonly affect dogs, require  three feedings to complete their life cycles.
Ticks are visible to the naked eye and are most active in warm climates from spring through fall, they are living in grass and  wooded areas where they may attach to dogs playing on their turf. Tick infestations can be anywhere on a dog’s body, but commonly close to the head, neck, feet and ear area. It’s a good idea to check your dog regularly for these parasites particularly during the warmer months. Since it may only take a few hours for disease to be transmitted from an attached tick, take your dog to be evaluated by a veterinarian if you find any tick
life cycle of ticks includes  several stages – larva, nymph, and adult.  Species such as the Deer Tick can transmit diseases in their larval and nymph stages.
Ticks can transfer many disease to their host animal such as,
  • Lyme disease, transmitted by black-legged tick, commonly known as a deer tick, dog may not show signs of the disease until several months after infected. Symptoms can be lameness, stiffness, swollen joints, loss of appetite, fever and fatigue.
  • Canine Ehrlichiosis, found worldwide, infection caused by the brown dog tick. Symptoms may be noticed months after transmission, and can include loss of appetite, fever, weight loss, depression, nose bleeds,  runny eyes and nose and swollen limbs.
  • Canine Anaplasmosis, also called dog tick fever, is transmitted from the deer tick. Symptoms include loss of appetite, fever, lethargy, stiff joints, vomiting, and diarrhea. In severe  cases, dogs may suffer seizures.
  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever cause by Rickettsia rickettsii  and transmitted by the American dog tick and  the wood tick. Symptoms include stiffness, fever, skin lesions and neurological problems
  • Canine Babesiosis is commonly transmitted by the brown Rocky Mountain Spotted FeverRocky Mountain Spotted Feverdog tick and the American dog tick. Causing anemia, pale gums, and weakness.
  • Canine Bartonellosis comes from the brown dog tick. Symptoms are intermittent lameness and fever.
  • Canine Hepatozoonosis is thought to be transmitted by the brown dog tick. Symptoms are fever, muscle pain, runny eyes and nose and bloody diarrhea.
In addition to all abovementioned tick borne diseases, ticks can also cause anemia, tick paralysis, Skin irritation and inflammation.
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Brooker Ridge Animal Hospital - 107-525 Brooker Ridge, Newmarket, ON - T: 905-898-1010
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