cat - Vet Blog - Brooker Ridge Animal Hospital

Go to content

Main menu:

New Pet Vaccines

Published by in Pet Vaccines ·
Tags: DogcatVaccines
What Vaccines Does My Pet Need?
Pet vaccination
Vaccinating you pet can seem like a worrisome choice. Common concerns often surround vaccine reactions, and if the benefits outweigh the risks. While some vaccines may be appropriate to opt of for your pet, there are a few that are critically important to your pet's health and enforcing effective disease prevention.
 
What do Vaccines do?
Vaccines contain a modified live attenuated or killed form of bacteria or virus to stimulate the animal's immune system response. That way, when your pet is later exposed to that specific virus or bacteria, the immune system with quickly and effectively respond to eradicate the disease-causing agent.
 
This modified form of the bacteria or virus is specially formulated for the purpose of vaccination so that it cannot actually manifest into a disease, and only creates an immune response.
 
Vaccines therefore are an essential tool used to prevent very serious, life threatening diseases in your pet. Not only does it provide reassurance that your pet has increased likelihood of remaining happy and healthy, but the cost of a vaccine is significantly less than the costs associated with disease treatment.
 
Similar to human vaccination, another key benefit of vaccinating your pet is that it helps keep other animals safe. Animals that are too young to receive vaccines or have specific health conditions that prohibit them to be vaccinated are susceptible populations that benefit from "herd immunity", meaning that the spread of disease is significantly reduced due to the high populations of vaccinated animals.
 
Why does my pet need to receive booster vaccinations?
Over time, the effectiveness of the vaccine gradually declines, diminishing the protection your pet has against the specified disease. Boosters are necessary to maintain effective immune responses from your pet against the virus or bacteria.
 
What Vaccines Does My Pet Need?
 The vaccines your pet will need varies depending on the species, as the vaccines are designed to protect against the disease that are the most serious and most likely to be an exposure risk.
 
Vaccines are categorized into two different groups: core vaccines and non-core vaccines. Core vaccines are necessary vaccinations against diseases that are most likely to affect your pet. Non-core vaccines are optional, and are recommended based on the associated risk factors your pet may have. You can discuss with your veterinarian the appropriateness of your pet receiving any non-core vaccines.
Core Vaccines for Cats include:
•\tFeline Rhinotracheitis (Herpesvirus Type I)\t
•\tFeline Calicivirus
•\tPanleukopenia (Distemper)
•\tRabies*

Non-Core Vaccines for Cats include:
•\tFeline Leukemia
•\tBordetella (Kennel Cough)
•\tChlamydia
•\tFeline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)
\t•\tRingworm
\t•\tGiardia

Core Vaccines for Dogs include:
•\tCanine Distemper
•\tCanine hepatitis Adenovirus-2
•\tParvovirus
•\tRabies*

Non-Core Vaccines for Dogs include:
\t•\tParainfluenza (Canine Influenza)
•\tLeptospirosis
•\tLyme Disease
•\tBordetella (Kennel Cough)
•\tCorona Virus
\t•\tGiardia
*Rabies vaccines are required by law

Typically, your dog will receive vaccination for Distemper, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza and Parviovirus in one vaccine, which is often referred to as the DHPP or DA2PP vaccine. Sometimes it does not include Parainfluenza as seen in three-year distemper vaccine, referred as the DHP or DA2P.
Similarly, cats will receive vaccination for Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus and Panleukopenia in one vaccine, referred commonly as FVRCP or FRCP.

Are Vaccines Safe?
Yes. For most healthy dogs and cats the risk of a bad reaction to vaccination is very rare. The risks associated with vaccinating are minute compared to the health risks associated with contracting the disease. You can discuss with your veterinarian if your pet is at an increased risk for a negative reaction, things to consider include age, vaccine history or allergies.
For some puppies, kittens, or small breeds, you veterinarian may recommend spreading out vaccines over a specified period, to avoid a negative reaction. If you are electing to perform several non-core vaccines, this might also be another reason your veterinarian may recommend spacing out the administering of vaccines.
If your pet is unwell or in the midst of a course of treatment, your veterinarian will likely suggest to delay vaccinating. This is because their immune system is compromised at the time, fighting off a different virus or bacteria, and may not be adequately able to perform accordingly to the administering of the vaccine.
There are some mild side effects that may occur in the following days, but should only last a day or two. Common mild side effects include;
•\tMild fever
•\tLethargy
•\tReduced appetite
•\tCoughing and sneezing
•\tPain around the injection site (you may also notice slight redness and swelling around the area)
You should call your veterinarian immediately if you notice your pet has the following reactions;
•\tHives
•\tTrouble breathing
•\tVomiting
•\tSevere coughing
•\tSwelling around face, eyes, or nose
Overall, vaccines are an important part of keeping your furry loved one happy and healthy. If you have any further concerns or questions regarding vaccinations please give us a call and our vet in Newmarket is happy to discuss this further!
If you are looking for a veterinary clinic in Newmarket Aurora area please give us a call at 905-898-1010 and we would be happy to book an appointment for you and your pet!

Sources:





Planning Vacation

Published by in Client Education ·
Tags: catfoodgroomingveterinarianscathide
Planning to go on vacation and leaving your lovely cat with a cat sitter, remember to:
Cat image
if you are planning to go on vacation, few steps you take to ensure your cat is safe & comfortable
1. Tell your cat sitter where you store your pet food, how much and how often they eat and drink.
2. Show your cat sitter where the food and water dishes and the litter boxes are located.
3. Show them which are your cat’s favorite toys, where you store any grooming items (brush/comb/nail trimmers etc.), and where your beloved kitty tends to like to sleep.
4. Show your cat sitter the places where your cat usually hides and also where your cat likes to sleep
5. Leave the contact information information of your regular veterinarian, set up payment arrangements with them just in case of any health issue.

Keep your Dog or Cat Safe If your are planning to travel with your pet:
For many people, traveling with pets is more than a luxury – it’s a necessity. Pets are part of the family, and as such, they deserve special consideration when making travel plans, either travelling by car or plane. The travel method you choose will depend on a number of factors, such as the type of pet, their weight, and their temperament while traveling. After determining the most comfortable method of travel for your pet, you will probably need to carefully plan ahead to ensure a spot in a pet-friendly hotel.
Taking your dog or cat along for a family trip can be fun for everyone, but it requires careful planning. Pet-friendly hotels tend to fill up fast, so be sure to book your reservation as soon as possible. Check with the hotel about any pet restrictions or specific rules so that everything goes smoothly on check-in day. It’s a great idea to take your pet for a checkup at the veterinarian before leaving on a trip. Make sure that all vaccinations are up to date, and ask for vaccination certificate to keep with you. It’s also important for pets to wear their rabies tags at all times, so make sure you have an up-to-date tag fastened securely on their collar. Pack plenty of food, treats, and water, as well as a travel-friendly food and water bowl for frequent stops.
Remember that pets should always be kept in the backseat of a vehicle: Front-seat airbags can be deadly to pets, so the backseat is a much safer choice. Also, even if your dog enjoys the wind in its face, make sure to keep its head inside the vehicle at all times. Another quick tip is to never leave your pets alone in the car on hot days, cats should always be confined in carriers for their own safety, and dogs should never be free to roam around the backseat. Loose dogs are very dangerous to themselves and you – in the event of an accident, an 80-pound dog could really do some damage! The safest way for dogs to travel in vehicles is in a crate that has been securely fastened with a seatbelt. If this isn’t an option, or if your dog becomes extremely nervous in crates, you can find bucket-like pet seats with secure buckles for smaller dogs. For large dog breed with crate anxiety, a zipline-like contraption is a great choice – this fastens to the inside roof of your car and hooks onto your dog’s harness, so the dog can walk freely from window to window in the backseat while still being secure.



Brooker Ridge Animal Hospital - 107-525 Brooker Ridge, Newmarket, ON - T: 905-898-1010
Back to content | Back to main menu